Valium precautions and warnings
Diazepam, available in the market under the trade name valium, is used for treating incidents of increased seizures in those individuals who are already on medication to control seizure attacks. This drug is prescribed for the short-term treatment of seizures. It works by producing a relaxing and calming effect on the nerves and brain. It falls in the class of medications called benzodiazepines.
If this medication is taken simultaneously with opioids it may lead to respiratory depression, excessive sedation, coma and eventually death. These drug should be administered together only in those patients for whom alternative treatment options are not adequate. The duration of the treatment and the dosage should be restricted to the lowest possible. You should get yourself checked at regular intervals for signs of sedation and respiratory depression.
If this drug is taken together with opioids, life-threatening additive effects may occur. Hence, it is not advisable to take these medications simultaneously unless otherwise prescribed by the doctor. You should not take valium if you are allergic to diazepam or any other ingredient the drug contains. This drug is also not prescribed to treat psychotic patients.
You should stay away from alcohol consumption as well as other CNS depressant drugs while undergoing treatment with valium, as it has a CNS depressant effect.
Use of Valium during pregnancy
It has been suggested that the risk of developmental abnormalities and congenital malformations increases if this medication is ingested by pregnant women. Incidents of feeding and respiratory problems, neonatal flaccidity and also hypothermia have been reported in children born to mothers taking benzodiazepines during pregnancy. Further, these children are at a higher risk of experiencing withdrawal reactions in the postnatal period. Pregnant women should not take this medication unless prescribed by the doctor. She should also be aware of the risks it poses to the fetus.
What precautions to be taken during treatment with Valium?
The usage of this drug should be stopped on the occurrence of paradoxical and psychiatric reactions in patients. However, the chances of their occurrence are high in children and the elderly populace.
In patients who suffer from chronic respiratory insufficiency, a lower dose is recommended as they are more prone to respiratory depression. This medication should be administered with extra caution in patients with a history of drug abuse or alcohol.
Valium dosage should be restricted to the lowest effective possible in patients suffering from some debilitating disease to prevent oversedation or development of ataxia. The treatment should begin with a daily dose of the drug of strength 2 mg to 2.5 mg either once or twice that can be increased as required depending on the drug tolerance levels.