Valium Dose and Overdose
Valium is recommended in the treatment of anxiety disorder. It may also prove effective in alleviating the symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal such as tremors, hallucinosis, severe agitation and acute delirium tremens.
The ingestion of this medication is also helpful in providing relief from skeletal muscle spasm such as inflammation of the joints or muscles, athetosis, stiff-man syndrome, paraplegia and cerebral palsy. The clinical trials conducted in the past did not prove the effectiveness of this medication in the long-term, that is, the time period exceeding four months.
For maximum therapeutic effect, the valium dose is adjusted taking into consideration the specific health concerns of the individual concerned. Though the daily dosage of the medication outlined below will suit the requirements of many patients, some may need a higher dosage. In such a case, the dose should be gradually increased on the recommendation of a qualified medical practitioner.
The usual dosage to treat anxiety disorder and get relief from its symptoms is 2 mg to 10 mg two to four times a day in adults, depending on the seriousness of the mental health condition. In order to get relief from acute alcohol withdrawal symptoms, the prescribed dose is 10 mg three or four times in 24 hours, and then bringing it down to 5 mg three or four times a day or as required.
This medication may be ingested three or four times a day in the strength of 2 mg to 10 mg for relief from skeletal muscle spasm. In the treatment of convulsive disorders, valium 2mg to 10 mg should be taken two to four times a day.
Dosage for geriatric patients
In the case of elderly patients suffering from some debilitating disease, the treatment should begin with the dose of 2 mg to 2.5 mg once or twice daily and then slowly increased as per the requirement and drug tolerance level.
Dosage for pediatric patients
It must not be given to children below six months. You should start the treatment with the lowest effective dose between 1 mg to 1.5 mg per day and then gradually increase if required.
Mild overdose of this medication is generally characterized by confusion, drowsiness and lethargy. Severe symptoms include diminished reflexes, CNS depression, low blood pressure, ataxia, hypotonia and respiratory depression. Its overdose with other CNS depressants can prove life-threatening and should be regularly monitored.
Management of Overdosage
General supportive measures such as monitoring of pulse, respiration and blood pressure should be employed. Induce vomiting within an hour I the patient is conscious. Intravenous fluids must be given. Extra attention should be given to cardiac and respiratory function